Greater Victoria: Almost half of Vancouver Island's population
of 700,000 lives in and around the provincial capital of Victoria, at
the southern end of Vancouver Island. Victoria has a temperate climate
with mild, damp winters and relatively dry and mild summers. It is sometimes
classified as a cool-summer Mediterranean climate due to its usually dry
summers. There is a rich diversity of landscapes within the region, ranging
from the Douglas fir forests along the coast to the drier, exposed conditions
of the higher, rockier elevations that support arbutus (madrona) and Garry
oak forests. Flowers bloom year-round in Victoria, which makes exploring
the outdoors here enjoyable in any season. Thousands of migrating birds,
ducks, geese, and swans make the Victoria region a semi-annual stop-over
Victorians display their love for the natural world by cultivating flower
gardens at every turn. As you'd imagine in a region where a large urban
population interacts with such a delightful natural tableau, a vast network
of walking, hiking and biking routes leads through the many parks with
which the city is blessed.
Although the mountainscape on the southern end of Vancouver Island is
not as rugged as the North Shore mountains that rise above Vancouver,
this actually mitigates in favour of hiking, as the physical demands for
reaching viewpoints is not as great. On the other hand, the views are
as panoramic and breathtaking as anywhere in the province. It's easy to
imagine how sweet life was for Native Canadians who once had this all
to themselves. Beacon Hill Park in downtown Victoria was the site of a
village that had been inhabited for thousands of years prior to the arrival
of the colonial settlers in the 1840s. A tangled web of events since then
has displaced the original dwellers, but their history is evident in the
petroglyphs that adorn the shoreline and in the middens of seashells mounded
up beside the beaches on the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Totem poles new and
old stand as proud reminders of this heritage.
To gain a fresh appreciation for the talents and skills of First Nations
people, combine a visit to the outdoors around Victoria with a stop at
the Royal British Columbia Museum, a world-class repository of native
artifacts. With the enriched perspective that such a visit will bring,
you'll look at the landscape with new interest and appreciation. The figures
on the totems will no longer be static representations from a mythological
age. Instead, combined with the presence of killer whales, seals, eagles,
ravens, salmon, and other species that are as vibrant in the landscape
today as they were in the past, you'll enter a timeless real and, in the
process, discover a new place in nature for yourself.
South Island: The exposed waters of Vancouver Island's southwestern
coast quickly dispel any notion that an ocean is an ocean is an ocean.
The true personality of the Pacific is revealed as you traverse the slopes
of San Juan Ridge as the Strait of Juan de Fuca makes its entrance from
the open water of the Pacific. Conditions shift dramatically from the
sheltered, rain-shadowed waterways of the Strait of Georgia with its gaggle
of tranquil islands. Here you face the open ocean, where nothing breaks
the rolling swells or deflects the sting of winter storms. For those who
listen for the force of the West Coast, here it begins to speak up, way
Many a dark chapter has been written about ships and crews that perished
in the violent storms that rake the raw shoreline. This is the Pacific's
Davy Jones's Locker. Thrown up on the beach, survivors considered themselves
blessed if they could reach the West Coast Lifesaving Trail. As harsh
today as then, less-endangered people willingly subject themselves to
this legendary trail's test of endurance. Such a reputation adds a wild
spice to adventuring here. Venture with care and you'll come away with
wonderful memories of your time spent by the shoreline, where many creatures
live in splendid harmony with the ocean's deep rhythms.
Southern Vancouver Island covers the country between Port Renfrew and
Bamfield on the west coast and Malahat and Nanaimo on the east side. Most
of the population lives along the east coast, where farming in the lush,
rolling Cowichan and Chemainus Valleys has gone hand in hand with logging
since Vancouver Island was an independent Crown Colony. The heart of agriculture
lies south of Nanaimo, the Hub City, and this pastoral atmosphere persists
as you make your way north to Parksville in central island. However, it's
hard to ignore the slopes of the Vancouver Island Mountains that begin
to nudge travellers closer to the coastline for wont of wide valley bottoms.
Most roads west peter
out quickly in the face of this granite tour de force. The exception is
the cross-island melange of paved highway and gravel logging roads that
link the sheltered Cowichan Valley with the storm-battered community of
Bamfield on the west coast. A greater contrast is hard to find, which
is what makes exploring this region so fascinating. There's plenty of
easygoing adventuring to be found by sticking to the main routes, although
everyone should treat themselves to a backroad or two where the valleys
meet the Strait of Georgia. There are beaches here the likes of which
are found nowhere else on the coast, with views that engender intimacy
with the landscape, yet emphasize its isolation.
Central Island: As you drive the Island Highway, it's always a
treat to look across the Strait of Georgia at landmarks on the mainland
as spires of the Coast Mountains rise on the eastern horizon. The farther
north you head towards Courtenay and Campbell River, however, the more
the peaks and glaciers of Vancouver Island's ranges, principally the imposing
Comox Glacier, Forbidden Plateau, and Mount Washington, rise in the west
and vie for equal attention.
As the highway winds past well-kept farms, this is a serenely rural part
of the journey. Flowers abound in the gardens that front many of the homes
along the way. Small rivers such as the Little Qualicum and the Englishman,
as well as the mightier ones such as the Puntledge and the Campbell, empty
into the strait. From the highway you catch glimpses of quiet green forest
settings on the banks that line each river's course. Come late summer,
these streams teem with spawning salmon.
For much of the way between Courtenay and Campbell River the Island Highway
runs beside Qualicum Bay, an area rich in seafood. Pullouts beside the
road give easy access to the bay's sand and pebble beaches. At several
places you can buy fresh seafood, brought to the docks daily from local
The mountains and islands of central Vancouver Island have a mysterious
sense about them, as if they're always trying to hide some secret. It's
true: you do have to travel farther afield here in order to penetrate
its cloud-laced valleys and coastal rain forest. Take your time as you
meander through this laid-back region. Its rhythms are subtle, but with
gentle probing they reveal themselves, showing greater complexity than
first meets the eye.
Pacific Rim: In the decades before the Pacific Rim National Park
was born in 1970, this moss-laden landscape of mist and surf was a little-known
outpost, a world apart. If adventurers managed to coax a vehicle across
the tortuous road that led west from Port Alberni to the isolated ports
of Tofino and Ucluelet, finding a bed was a simple matter at one of the
few local inns. The alternative was constructing a driftwood shelter on
one of the fabulous beaches nearby.
One million visitors a year now make this same journey on black-topped
Highway 4 (Pacific Rim Highway) to experience the romantic isolation of
the region. It's a tribute to the scale of this environment that so many
travellers can be absorbed into it and still leave it so (apparently)
empty. The open ocean stretches off unbroken and vacant, while the elemental
forces at play here - the winds and the tide, the sun and the rain - excite
within visitors a deep-seated resonance, a sense of belonging to this
same chaos that reigns in winter during gale-force storms mimics, on a
microcosmic scale at least, the fury of the Big Bang. And on eternal summer
evenings, when a magenta sunset ignites the ocean's summer evenings, there's
a peace so prevalent that you could almost bottle it and call it salvation.
Take your pick of moods; they're both soul-satisfying.
Most of Vancouver Island once looked as the north island still does today.
Much of the remaining wilderness, such as Brooks Peninsula, a stubby 14-km
long projection on the northwest coast of the island, has now been preserved.
Other places are sheltered by the elements from the preying eye of industry,
like Cape Scott Provincial Park, one of the wildest, windiest, most woebegone
locales in the province for human habitation. Journeying to Brooks Peninsula
or Cape Scott is only for those whose mettle has been tested by the repeated
exposure to the bellows and blast-furnace of nature in the raw.
Some of this landscape's
mysteries lie tucked away inside the vaulted domes of underground caverns.
Afloat in a sea kayak on the open Nootka or Quatsino Sounds, or deep inside
the Quatsino cave system, be prepared to experience a blend of connectedness
and jubilation, isolation and terror, when adventuring here. One thing
is guaranteed: at the end of the day, you'll sleep well.
prevail in the sheltered waters of Johnstone Strait, where the kwakwaka'wakw
First Nations are the traditional gatekeepers. To experience a tranquility
that passes all description, paddle these waters where whales rub and
salmon run in summer months.
The Gulf and Discovery
Gulf Islands: Snug in the Georgia Strait, between the mainland and
the eastern side of Vancouver Island, are the Gulf Islands. Each of these
islands seems to be a world unto itself; each has its own history, culture
and colourful characters. There are seven major islands in the southern
half of the Strait of Georgia. Each island has its distinctive charm,
and deserves at least a day or two for exploring. A good way to do so
is by bicycle, stopping at campgrounds or bed and breakfasts along the
Roadways and trails
take you on a tour of natural beauty, leading you to hilltops for fabulous
views and down to the beach for an afternoon swim. Around each corner
is an artisan's gallery or a cafe, a row of unique little shops or a quiet
marina. There's also camping, hiking, fishing, boating, all in beautiful
surroundings and a friendly, relaxing atmosphere - truly what holiday
memories are made of.
is Canada's arts and crafts island. Because of its mild climate, mellow
pace, beautiful landscapes and island isolation, artists and crafts people
are drawn from all over the world. Although Saltspring is well known to
boaters and may be reached by three ferries and scheduled air flights,
it remains a quiet lesser-known paradise for most travellers. On Saturday
mornings in the summer, the spirit of Saltspring can be caught in the
local Market in Ganges, the biggest town in the Gulfs.
Rolling orchards and
warm rock-strewn beaches abound on Mayne Island, a rustic 13 square-km
spot. It's small enough for a day trip, but pretty enough for a lifetime.
Drop by the lighthouse, watch the frantic activity as fishermen wait till
the last minute to get out of the ferry's way in Active Pass, or stroll
up the top of Mayne's mountains for a view of the Strait of Georgia -
and you'll begin to discover what Mayne is all about.
Saturna Island is
tucked away at the southern end of the island chain. Rural, sparsely populated,
and difficult to reach, Saturna Island is easily the least spoilt of the
Gulf islands. The Pender Islands are known as the 'Friendly Islands' and
the 'Islands of Hidden Coves' - with over 20 public ocean access spots
to visit along the beaches and coves. The mild climate and pristine wilderness
make the Penders perfect for family holidays, romantic retreats, golfing,
hiking, biking and nature-watching.
Galiano Island has
always enjoyed the reputation of being the most welcoming to visitors.
This is due in large part to the limited amount of farmland on Galiano
in comparison to other islands. Of necessity, early settlers here opened
their homes to tourists as a way of earning a living. Today, Galiano is
a hub for sea-kayak trips and the site of the Montague Harbour Provincial
Marine park, one of the largest provincial marine parks on any of the
islands. This isn't to say that residents of the other islands won't be
just as pleased to see you disembark at the dock. Indeed, tourism is important
to the livelihood and economic well-being of most of the Gulf Islands,
although some are better prepared for it than others.
the most accessible of the chain, features three provincial parks, quiet
beaches and sensational ocean views. Perhaps the most interesting limestone
formations on the Gulf Islands are located at Gabriola Sands Provincial
Park. Explore the amazing cave-like sandstone formations called the Malaspina
Decide in advance
which island best suits your purposes, then consult a BC Ferries schedule
to see if you can manage the connections in the course of a day's visit,
or whether you'll have to seek overnight accommodation. Except in summer
months, ferry service to many islands is restricted to one or two sailings
a day. You may find that in order to catch a ride, you'll have to start
your day well before dawn and return home late in the evening. The trade-off
is that you'll find far fewer visitors sharing the roads, waterways and
parks with you as you travel at off-peak times.
Islands/Discovery Islands: These islands, part of a chain of 6,000
islands that shelter the British Columbia coastline between Washington
and Alaska, lie beyond the quick-access range of Vancouver and Victoria.
The wonderful silence that envelops these islands is characteristic of
the ambience in remote central coast locales.
It wasn't always
this way. In the heyday of fishing and logging camps, the population on
the more isolated islands was surprisingly higher than it is today. Evidence
of this can be seen in the abandoned cabins, ancient villages, and overgrown
logging roads. Explore by car, kayak, mountain bike or on foot. Find a
location that appeals to you, and within this microcosm, experience the
wonder and magic that pervades life here.
Quadra Island is a
10-minute ferry ride from Campbell River. Resident artists and craftspeople
make the island a fine place to sleuth around for pottery and other wares.
The Kwagiulth Museum and Cultural Centre contains an outstanding collection
of authentic artifacts. Tranquil and bucolic, Denman Island and Hornby
Island sits just off the east coast of Vancouver Island. Denman, the larger
of the two is known for its pastoral farmlands and its population of talented
After going to the
effort to reach Cortes Island, with its placid lakes, beaches rich in
shellfish, and rugged gorges - your reward is finding a campsite on the
southwestern corner at Smelt Bay Provincial Park, a heavenly setting on
this picturesque island. Texada Island, originally home to a whaling station,
is now the site of a working limestone quarry.
Hop aboard the foot
passenger ferry from French Creek and cruise across the Strait of Georgia
to Lasqueti Island. Largely undeveloped, Lasqueti is a worthwhile destination
for a day trip or longer - not only for its natural beauty, but it is
so distant from the mainstream. The fleet of BC Ferries that services
the Northern Gulf Islands is not as large nor are the sailings as frequent.
Others can only be reached by private transportation such as water taxis,
kayaks, canoes, or powerboats and, occasionally, airplanes. Visitors will
find that the further north in the Strait of Georgia that they explore,
the fewer fellow travellers they'll encounter.